This type of foundation is used in the construction of buildings with massive walls – brick, concrete, stone, adobe and others. Such a foundation is reliable, durable, but it requires a lot of materials. Its use is advisable in the case of shallow laying, especially for buildings with cellars..
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The strip base from rubble masonry is produced with different widths. In the case when the laying depth does not exceed 70 cm, then the foundation is created over the entire depth. During its laying to a depth that is more than 70 cm on dry soil, then the trench is dug to the desired depth, then sand (coarse) is poured in layers, the layer thickness is 15 cm..
It is impossible to allow the sand cushion to be more than half the height of the base itself..
When laying the first row of a brick or stone base, first pour a layer of mortar up to five centimeters thick on the base: thicker under the stone, thinner under the brick, then lay the stone or brick on the mortar and press it tightly. In the case when there are voids in the solution, it will be possible to settle the building.